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Academic Honesty

"If the person you borrowed from read your writing, would she recognize your words or ideas as her own, including paraphrases, summaries, or even general ideas or methods? If so, you must cite that source and enclose any of her exact words in quotation marks or set them off in a block quotation" (210).

Booth, Wayne C., et al. The Craft of Research. 4th ed., U of Chicago P, 2016

"Even if you cite your source, readers must know which words are yours and which you quote. You risk the charge of plagiarism if you fail to use quotation marks or a block quotation to signal that you have copied as little as a single line or words" (79).

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 8th ed., U of Chicago P, 2013

"If you want to use paraphrase rather than quotation . . . it's a good idea to read the passage until you establish your own understanding and then put it aside. Then explain to your reader what the author said in your own words, and if you find that you want to use specific phrases from the source, put them in quotation marks" (178).

Hjortshoj, Keith. The Transition to College Writing. Bedford/St. Martin's, 2001.

"You paraphrase appropriately when you represent an idea in your own words. . . . But readers will think that you plagiarize if they can match your words and phrasing with those of your source" (208).

"To avoid seeming to plagiarize, read the psssage, look away, think about it for a moment; then still looking away, paraphrase it in your own words. Then check whether you can run your finger along your sentence and find synonyms for the same ideas in the same order in your source. If you can, try again" (209).

Booth, Wayne C., et al. The Craft of Research. 4th ed., U of Chicago P, 2016

"It's important to note that you need not copy an author's words to be guilty of plagiarism; if you paraphrase someone's ideas or arguments without giving credit for their origin, you have committed plagiarism" (9).

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016