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Academic Honesty for Students

  • "Paraphrase when you can state what a source says more clearly or concisely or when your argument depends on the details in a source but not on its specific words.
  • Quote for these purposes:
    • The words themselves are evidence that backs up your reasons.
    • The words are from an authority who backs up your claims.
    • The words are strikingly original or express your key concepts so compellingly that the quotation can frame an extended discussion.
    • A passage states a view that you disagree with, and to be fair you want to state it exactly" (200).

Booth, Wayne C., et al. The Craft of Research. 4th ed., U of Chicago P, 2016

"Do not quote when the statement can be easily and effectively paraphrased. Quote when the author has said something succinctly, brilliantly, and powerfully. Quote when you want to analyze a statement. . . . Do not quote plain, factual statements" (118).

Engkent, Lucia, and Garry Engkent. Essay Do's and Don'ts: A Practical Guide to Essay Writing. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2017