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Peer Review: What types of peer review are there?

Single Blind Review

  • Reviewers know the identity of authors, but authors do not know the identity of reviewers.
  • Hiding the identity of reviewers is intended to protect reviewers from the influence of authors.

Double Blind Review

  • Reviewers and authors are unknown to each other.
  • Intended to protect authors from biased reviewers and to protect reviewers from the influence of authors.

Triple Blind Review

  • Editors and reviewers do not know the identity of authors. Authors do not know the identity of reviewers.
  • Intended to protect authors from biased editors and reviewers and to protect reviewers from the influence of authors.

Open Review

Includes a variety of practices intended to make the peer review process more transparent.

  • Reviewers may be identified in the article.
  • Peer review reports may be published with the article.
  • Peer review reports and author's and editor's responses may be published with the article.
  • Post-publication peer review in a discussion forum where readers (named or anonymous) can comment.

What Is Peer Review? Elsevier, 2021, www.elsevier.com/reviewers/what-is-peer-review. Accessed 18 Mar. 2021.